Obviously, you are aware that car brakes are one of your vehicle’s most vital safety components. However, you may not be aware that there are several types of brakes that can help your vehicle come to a complete stop from 65 miles per hour on the highway. Different types of car brakes exist between cars and within brake systems. Oh, the disc, drum, anti-lock, and emergency brakes! It’s easy for a consumer to become overwhelmed with so many different types of brakes and brake systems, such as hydraulic, electromagnetic, and frictional. Knowing the various types of brakes, brake systems, and how they work will help you feel more confident the next time your car or truck requires car brakes. In this blog, we will tell you about different types of brakes.
The mechanism meant to slow and stop the vehicle is known as service brakes. Disc and drum brakes are examples of this sort of brake system. Most vehicles and light trucks have four-wheel disc brakes or a mix of disc brakes on the front and drum brakes on the back. When the brake pedal is applied, hydraulic force is distributed to all four wheels to slow or stop the vehicle. Because braking transfers the vehicle’s weight forward onto the front wheels, front brakes are more important than rear brakes in stopping the vehicle.
Disc brakes are made up of a rotor that attaches to the wheel hub and a caliper that contains the disc brake pads. Hydraulic brake fluid pressure causes the caliper to clamp the disc pads down on the brake rotor in reaction to activation from the brake pedal and then the master cylinder. The friction between the pads and the rotor causes the car to slow or stop. Many cars use disc brakes, which are more efficient than drum car brakes.
Drum brakes have brake shoes that are positioned inside a brake drum and are connected to the wheel hub. Hydraulic fluid is pumped into the braking wheel cylinders, causing friction between the brake shoes and the brake drum to slow or stop your car.
Anti-Lock Brakes, or ABS, is a critical safety device that is controlled by a brake computer or module and is standard on most contemporary automobiles nowadays. The ABS system works in conjunction with the brakes to reduce stopping distance while boosting vehicle control and stability during severe braking. The ABS system protects the wheels from locking up and the tires from skidding when the brakes are applied forcefully and unexpectedly, as in a panic stop. This excellent technique checks the speed of each individual wheel and pulses the brake pressure on and off quickly on any wheels that are skidding. ABS is beneficial in all weather situations, but it is especially useful on slick and wet roads.
Emergency/Parking Brakes are a supplementary braking system that is not always powered by hydraulics and is independent of the service brakes. Front parking brakes use cables to apply the front brakes, while rear parking brakes use cables to apply the back brakes. The way emergency brakes are applied, as well as their design, size, and location, can all differ. Your emergency brake could be a stick lever between the driver and passenger seats, a pedal to the left of the floor pedals, or a push button or handle near the steering column. Emergency brakes are useful in instances where other brake systems have failed, but they should also be utilized on a daily basis as a parking brake to keep the car still while parked.
We hope this blog has helped you understand the different types of car brakes. For more information visit us on Bharat Industry or call us at +91-9891210545.